Background

In preparation of the MDG 2010 Review Summit, UN Development Group presents almost 200 MDG Good Practices from 75 developing countries demonstrating innovative ways of overcoming obstacles (constraints) to accelerate progress on the MDGs.

Below we list the constraints that have been articulated in the four chapters of the MDG Good Practices (2010) publication, each chapter focusses on one, two, or three Millennium Development Goals, as indicated below.

Assessment & Proposed Actions

In a tentative assessment we make these three observations:

  1. Each chapter has a sectoral focus: Chapter one on socio-economic development, chapter two on education, chapter three on health, and chapter 4 on the environmental sustainability. Within each of these sectors, cohesion and synergies must be achieved.
  2. Several constraints occur in different chapters. This suggests that there are areas for cross-sectoral synergies and improved understanding of the constraints and their cross-dependencies. More systematization to such end is desirable.
  3. Constraints are expressed in a manner that does not reflect the actors facing them, e.g. a family in extreme poverty, or a rural municipality, or a land-locked country.

Further steps will be undertaken, and are proposed for broad-based use:

  • Embed (even better than is currently the case) each set of Good Practices in the sectoral development initiatives. The sector specific chapters of the Actor Atlas, Sector Actor Maps may support such growth of sectoral development capacity.
  • Make the sector/cross-sector boundaries more visibile, and allow for transparent, low hurdle exchange of artefacts (content) and best practices across the boundaries. This is "under construction" for the global society, each country, each city and each rural area in the Actor Atlas. For each area of cross-sectoral development, a dedicated actor map, statute book and initiative book is being constructed.
  • In accordance with the social architecture we should map constraint complexes for each of the stakeholders (actors) in the development constellation (macro, meso, micro and pico).

Constraints Awareness in the UNDG Good Practices (2010)

MDG1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

  1. Barriers to economic growth and Barriers to income equality
  2. Lack of incentives for more productive development results
  3. Limited access to assets, capital, infrastructure and services for income generation and employment opportunities
  4. Limited access to updated information, data and surveillance on food availability and needs
  5. Inefficient use of existing resources, untapped value chains
  6. Lack of social safety nets to support vulnerable populations
  7. Capacity constraints for effective implementation of policies, standards and programmes

Source: Summary of Constraints and Challenges, page 10 of MDG Good Practices, Chapter 1 MDG-1 Poverty, Employment and Hunger.

MDG 2 & MDG 3

MDG2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
MDG3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

  1. Insufficient data and lack of adequate monitoring and evaluation of education and gender indicators
  2. Lack of adequate inclusive and enabling policies and programmes:
    1. Government-led coordination mechanisms, sector-wide approach and policy reforms
    2. Making services and opportunities available and affordable for all
    3. Measures to provide services of good quality and relevance, and creating enabling learning environment
    4. Policies and measures to address specific areas that influence the pace of UPE achievement and gender equality
  3. Capacity gaps: strategic planning, implementation, organizational, technical and leadership capacity
  4. Governance gaps, including ineffective decentralization, the existence of corruption and barriers to access justice
  5. (educational) financing gaps and (educational) resource gaps
  6. Lack of incentives and limited awareness

Source: Summary of Constraints and Challenges, page 11 of MDG Good Practices, Chapter 2 MDG-2, MDG-3 Education and Gender Equality.

MDG 4, MDG 5 & MDG 6

MDG 4: Reduce Child Mortality
MDG 5: Improve Maternal Health
MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases

  1. Inadequate Health Policy Framework
  2. Lack of Data for Health Sector Planning
  3. Lack of Procurement Capacity
  4. Insufficient Public Health Facilities and Skilled Providers
  5. Inadequate Interventions to Prevent, Diagnose and Treat Disease
  6. Poor Utilization of Health Services
  7. Lack of Specialized Health Services for Targeted Groups
  8. Lack of Awareness, Advocacy and Public Knowledge
  9. Weak Partnerships for Coordinated Health Responses
  10. Limited Resources Available to Strengthen Health Systems

Source: Summary of Constraints and Challenges, page 11 of MDG Good Practices, Chapter 3 MDG-4, MDG-5, MDG-6 Child Mortality, Maternal Health and Combating Diseases.

MDG 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

  1. Inadequate integration of environmental sustainability into national development plans
  2. Policy incoherence and weak institutional environments
  3. Lack of adequate incentives to conserve environmental resources
  4. Limited access to low-cost, appropriate technologies and innovative solutions
  5. Limited access to infrastructure and services for potable water and sanitation
  6. Unsustainable environmental practices, including over-fishing, deforestation and poaching
  7. Capacity gaps
  8. Ineffective implementation practices
  9. limited access to information and low awareness
  10. Inadequate resources and creative financing strategies

Source: Summary of Constraints and Challenges, page 9 of MDG Good Practices, Chapter 4 MDG-7 Environmental Sustainability.


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